Abstract: Beadwork existed in traditional folk dress in many regions of Eastern and Central Europe from 19th to second half of 20th centuries. It was not only decoration but also it had great sacral functions. Many examples of folk bead decorative art were found in museum collections in Czech Republic, Slovakia and Ukraine. Bohemia was the main center of European bead industry from 18th to 20th centuries and unique folk beadwork was formed in these territories in the second half of the 19 century. Bead decor mostly appeared on traditional dress of the Blata and Chodsko regions (Southern Bohemia), Central Slovakia and Western Ukraine. Beadwork on these territories presents a folk decorative art at last period of traditional culture's development before its extinction. Rich decor of Czech Blata’s veils, Slovakian headdresses or Ukrainian jewelry combined old traditionally clothes’ types, techniques, ornaments and symbols with new materials such as beads. Beadwork as folk decorative art originated as a consequence of traditional culture interaction with new tendencies of the urban fashion.
|Keywords:||Beads, Beadwork, Folk Art, Folk Dress|
PhD Student, Faculty of Arts, The Institute of Ethnology, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic