An Introduction to the Historical and Artistic Significance of Two Religious Icons

By Anna Hamling.

Published by The International Journal of Arts Theory and History

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: April 17, 2014 $US5.00

The Black Madonna art pieces of Czestochowa, Poland and Guadalupe, Mexico have been the most popular religious and cultural icons since the 16th century. The well-known religious images have both symbolic and practical functions in their countries of origin. What is their historical and artistic significance? What is their influence on the Polish and Mexican people and millions of other visitors every year? What—if any—are the similarities between two works of art? This study will make a preliminary analysis of the historical and artistic significance of both paintings.

Keywords: Religious Images, Virgin Mary, Virgin of Guadalupe, Popular Culture

The International Journal of Arts Theory and History, Volume 8, Issue 1, April 2014, pp.37-44. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: April 17, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 389.044KB)).

Dr. Anna Hamling

Senior Teaching Associate (Spanish), Department of Culture and Language Studies, University of New Brunswick Fredericton, Fredericton, NB, Canada

Dr. Anna Hamling has taught Spanish, Russian, and Polish language, culture, and literature in Europe, Latin America, and Canada. Her PhD thesis, "Introducción a un estudio comparativo entre Miguel de Unamuno y León Tolstói," was published by Editorial Pliegos in Madrid in 2001. The English translation, "Tolstoy, Unamuno and Their Religious Essays. An introduction," was published by VDM Verlang in 2010. Dr. Hamling has published numerous articles of comparative nature on Unamuno and Tolstoy in Spanish, Russian, and Polish journals. Recently she has been contributing to the Encyclopedia of Latin American Women Writers, The Encyclopedia of Christian Writers, and The Literary Encyclopedia at